Population: 16,4 Mio
BIP per capita: $ 7065
Drug situation in Kazakhstan
Drug addiction continues to increase in Kazakhstan from year to year; 51 366 narcotic drug users were registered as of 2010. This spread of drug addiction poses a threat to the socioeconomic development of Kazakhstan.
The problem of drug dependence is related to several socio-economic and socio-psychological factors and the threat of the Afghan opiate expansion. Up to 15% of narcotic drugs produced in Afghanistan transit through the countries of Central Asia and Kazakhstan to Russia and further on to Europe The second factor affecting the drug situation in Kazakhstan is the availability of huge areas used for the cultivation of drug-containing substances. Cannabis growing areas alone account for approximately 140 thousand hectares.(see Republic of Kazakhstan Drug Profile Annual Report 2008 for details)
No special study on the prevalence of social problems related to drug use has been conducted to date in Kazakhstan, but the majority of registered and treated drug users, mainly heroin users, have psychic and behavioural disorders either caused by drug use or having led to drug use. 84% thereof had secondary and secondary vocational education, 78% were unemployed. The reason for starting with drug use was ‘curiosity’ (68%) or group pressure (17%).
Drug injection is associated with a high risk of contracting viral infections such as HIV or Hepatitis. HIV prevalence is still low at 4,2%, yet 61% of these HIV infections are caused by drug injection. Hepatitis C prevalence also remains low at 8,7%.
CADAP 5 in Kazakhstan
The CADAP 5 Programme was launched in Kazakhstan starting from April 2010 with the implementation of a series of events.
To further implement the strategy of CADAP and enhance the anti-drug effort the following events have been planned (and in certain cases already conducted) for 2011:
Country overview Kazakhstan developed in the framework of the DAMOS Component.
Republic of Kazakhstan Drug profile in 2008
Республика Казахстан Наркоситуация в 2011 году
National Conference of the Narcologists in Pavlodar
Annual reports 2012 finalised under DAMOS component
Three ground-breaking videos of the Kazakh media campaign on drug prevention are available for download:
GIZ Office Kazakhstan
T +7 7172 580927
T +7 7172 58 09 19